PIAZZA ANDREA COSTA
PIEVE DI CENTO
The town of Pieve di Cento was built in the 10th century around the ancient pieve of Saint Mary and for a long time it was included in the city of Cento (CE). They were divided by the river Rhine, in the middle of the 15th century, and this changed its course. Until then the two cities were united under the name of “Popolo di Cento”. In the 12th century it was owned by the bishops of Bologna and in the first half of the 14th century it was rent to the city of Bologna, that built a fortress. Involved in the struggles between the houses of the area, at the begining of the 15th century the town was occupied by Nanne Gozzadini, who became lord of the land. The land also experienced occupations and lootings by mercenary captains like Braccio da Montone or Niccolò Piccinino. In the early 16th century, it was owned by the family Estensi, then with the marriage between Lucrezia, daughter of the pope Alexander 6th, and the first child of the Duke of Ferrara, Alfonso d’Este, the land went back to the Papal State. For a period, it was in argument between the Papal State and the d’Este family, then at the end of the 16th century, with the assignation of the Duchy to the Holy See, it went back to the Pope. The following history has not any significant variations. Until 1929 it belonged to the province of Ferrara. The interesting things under the architectonical and historical point of view are: the collegiate Church of Saint Mary Major, restored at the beginning of the 18th century, which contains many artworks, such as a wooden crucifix from the 13th century; the house of Saint Clare, from the 16th century; the Churches of the Most Holy Trinity and Saint Rocco; the municipal palace, from the 14th century; the Door Asia, from the 14th century; the Palace Zambeccari, from the 18th century and the medieval houses of Anziani and Vedrani.
The Municipality, the Library and the Theatre Alice Zampilli are in the city centre, in Andrea Costa Square.